What Are The 4 Most Common Types Of NCD?

What are noncommunicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide..

What are the types of NCDs?

The main types of NCDs are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

Ebola.Influenza.Mumps.Norovirus.Pertussis.Tuberculosis.Coronavirus.

What is the most communicable disease?

History’s nine most contagious diseases: Where are they now?Smallpox. Emerging in human populations around 10,000 B.C., smallpox eventually killed between 300 and 500 million people worldwide, during the 20th century alone. … Rabies. … Tuberculosis. … Leprosy. … Typhoid Fever. … Bubonic and Pneumonic Plagues. … Malaria. … HIV/AIDS.

What are the 4 non communicable diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.

What are some examples of non infectious diseases?

Examples of noninfectious diseases include cystic fibrosis, most cancers, cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease, and diabetes mellitus.

How do non communicable diseases affect the world?

Noncommunicable diseases, or NCDs, are by far the leading cause of death in the world, representing 63% of all annual deaths. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) kill more than 36 million people each year. Some 80% of all NCD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.

What are the causes of NCD?

Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.

What are the four types of communicable diseases?

List of Communicable DiseasesCRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.HIV/AIDS.More items…

How can NCD be prevented?

Tools by targetsTarget 1: Reduce mortality from NCDs.Target 2: Reduce harmful use of alcohol.Target 3: Reduce prevalence of physical inactivity.Target 4: Reduce salt intake.Target 5: Reduce tobacco use.Target 6: Reduce prevalence of raised blood pressure.Target 7: Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity.More items…

Is obesity a NCD?

Obesity related Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) leads to millions of deaths all around the world, rapidly becoming economic burden worldwide. Pathophysiology and extend of obesity is responsible for ill effects of health.