Quick Answer: What Causes Non Infectious Diseases?

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity..

What are five infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases can be any of the following:Chickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E. coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items…

Are non infectious diseases contagious?

Noninfectious diseases are not contagious because they are not caused by pathogens. Instead, they are caused by such factors as lifestyle choices, environmental toxins, or mutations.

Is hypertension a non communicable disease?

Hypertension: The most important non communicable disease risk factor in India.

What are the risk factors of non communicable diseases?

Metabolic and behavioral risk factors are the most common causes of noncommunicable diseases. The most important risk factors include smoking, blood pressure, unhealthy food diet, inactivity, overweight and obesity, hypercholestrolemia, diabetes and blood sugar and alcohol (1).

What does non infectious mean?

: not infectious or caused by infection noninfectious diseases a vaccine containing inactivated noninfectious viruses noninfectious allergic conjunctivitis.

What is the most common non contagious disease?

Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million). These 4 groups of diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD deaths.

What are non infectious diseases give examples?

Examples of Noninfectious DiseasesCystic Fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is an example of a genetic noninfectious disease. … Cancer. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. … Cardiovascular Disease. … Type 2 Diabetes.

Is asthma a non infectious disease?

Asthma is one of the major noncommunicable diseases. It is a chronic disease of the air passages of the lungs which inflames and narrows them.

What is control of non communicable disease?

Raise priority accorded to NCDs through international cooperation and advocacy. Strengthen national capacity, governance, multisectoral action, and partnerships. Reduce the major modifiable risk factors, such as tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity.

What are the signs and symptoms of non communicable diseases?

A chronic disease caused by pain, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness of joints.Most serious of the most common forms.Joints become deformed and often no longer function normally.Joints affected: hands, feet, elbows, shoulders, neck, knees, hips, and ankles.It is usually symmetrical in the body: both hands will hurt.More items…

What are 5 non infectious diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What are the 4 main types of non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

How can non infectious diseases be prevented?

Getting plenty of exercise, avoiding high-fat foods, and staying at a healthy weight can reduce the risk of developing this type of diabetes. This is especially important for people who have family members with the disease. Making these healthy lifestyle choices can also help prevent some types of cancer.