Question: What Is The Meaning Of Convertible Debentures?

What is a debenture in simple terms?

A debenture is a type of bond or other debt instrument that is unsecured by collateral.

Since debentures have no collateral backing, debentures must rely on the creditworthiness and reputation of the issuer for support.

Both corporations and governments frequently issue debentures to raise capital or funds..

Why do companies issue convertible debentures?

Companies issue convertible bonds or debentures for two main reasons. The first is to lower the coupon rate on debt. Investors will generally accept a lower coupon rate on a convertible bond, compared with the coupon rate on an otherwise identical regular bond, because of its conversion feature.

Who is called debenture holder?

A person having the debentures is called debenture holder whereas a person holding the shares is called shareholder. A shareholder subscribes to the shares of a company. … On the other hand, debenture-holders are the subscribers to debentures. Debentures are part of loan.

What happens when a convertible note matures?

Maturity Date: Convertible notes carry a maturity date, at which the notes are due and payable to the investors if they have not already converted to equity. … The most common method of conversion occurs when a subsequent equity investment exceeds a certain threshold. This is called a qualified financing.

Why are convertible bonds attractive to investors?

By this logic, the convertible bond allows the issuer to sell common stock indirectly at a price higher than the current price. From the buyer’s perspective, the convertible bond is attractive because it offers the opportunity to obtain the potentially large return associated with stocks, but with the safety of a bond.

Are debentures high risk?

1 Therefore, all debentures can be bonds, but not all bonds are debentures. In business or corporate financing, unsecured debentures are typically riskier requiring the payment of higher coupons. Companies often favor issuing secured bonds because they can pay a lower coupon rate.

Are convertible bonds cheaper?

Convertible bonds offer lower interest rates than comparable conventional bonds, so they’re a cost-effective way for the company to raise money. Their conversion to shares also saves the company cash, although it risks diluting the share price.

How do I buy debentures?

You need to have the usual trading and a demat account to buy a non convertible debenture (NCD). The process to buy a NCD is the same as that for a share. You log into your trading account or ask your broker to buy you an NCD on your behalf. The manner in which you buy and the brokerage is the same as that for shares.

How do you calculate convertible debentures?

A convertible bond is a bond that gives the bond-holder an option to convert the bond to a specified number of shares of the company’s common stock at a pre-determined conversion date….Formula.Conversion Price (CP) =Par Value of BondConversion RatioJun 9, 2019

Are convertible debentures debt or equity?

A convertible debenture is a type of long-term debt issued by a company that can be converted into shares of equity stock after a specified period. Convertible debentures are usually unsecured bonds or loans, often with no underlying collateral backing up the debt.

What is the difference between debenture and loan?

In debenture, the public lends its money to the company in return for a certificate promising a fixed rate of interest. In loans, the lending institutions are banks and other financial institutions.

Are debentures safe?

In fact, since 1999, the company virtually stopped paying interest on the secured debentures issued by it. … Hence, the moral of the story is that, an investor should not be misled by the fact that when a debenture is secured against the assets of the company means it is a safe and secure investment.

What are convertible securities gives some examples?

A convertible security is an investment that can be changed into another form. The most common convertible securities are convertible bonds and convertible preferred stock, which can be converted into common stock.

Who can issue convertible debentures?

As per Section 71 of the companies Act, 2013, the debentures can be issued by the company which is partially, completely convertible or redeemable but it cannot have voting rights.

Is a debenture an asset?

The debenture is sometimes called a ‘floating charge debenture’ and includes all company assets. … The debenture secures the assets for the lender should the company fail and in liquidation, the charge becomes ‘fixed’ on the asset’s value at that point in time.

Is convertible debt a debt or equity?

A convertible note is short-term debt that converts into equity. In the context of a seed financing, the debt typically automatically converts into shares of preferred stock upon the closing of a Series A round of financing.

What are debentures used for?

In corporate finance, a debenture is a medium- to long-term debt instrument used by large companies to borrow money, at a fixed rate of interest.

What is an example of a debenture?

The definition of a debenture is a long-term bond issued by a company, or an unsecured loan that a company issues without a pledge of assets. An interest-bearing bond issued by a power company is an example of a debenture.

What are the advantages of convertible bonds?

In general, though, they offer investors the advantages of a bond’s relative reliability with the option to convert to equity and realize an even greater yield. And they provide issuers a chance to raise capital at a lower interest rate and delay the dilution of their common stock.

What is debenture and its types?

Debentures are a debt instrument used by companies and government to issue the loan. … Companies use debentures when they need to borrow the money at a fixed rate of interest for its expansion. Secured and Unsecured, Registered and Bearer, Convertible and Non-Convertible, First and Second are four types of Debentures.

How do debentures work?

What on earth is a debenture? Debentures are an instrument available to business lenders in the UK, allowing them to secure loans against borrowers’ assets. Put simply, a debenture is the document that grants lenders a charge over a borrower’s assets, giving them a means of collecting debt if the borrower defaults.