Question: What Are Non Communicable Diseases Give Examples?

What are the non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression.

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes..

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

The diseases below are among them.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.HIV/AIDS.More items…

Why are deficiency disease called non communicable diseases?

These are called non-communicable diseases: Inherited genetic disorders like cystic fibrosis can be passed to offspring but not to anyone else. Deficiency diseases which are caused by a lack of essential vitamins or minerals , such as scurvy which occurs when an individual has insufficient vitamin C.

Why are non communicable diseases important?

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, cancers, and diabetes mellitus, are responsible for most deaths worldwide. In view of the rising prevalence and the long-term consequences of NCDs, their prevention is a public health priority.

What is the major difference between communicable and non communicable diseases?

Communicable and Non-communicable diseases Typically, it is caused by pathogens such as viruses, bacteria. For instance diseases such as AIDS, malaria, dengue etc. On the other hand, non-communicable diseases are the diseases which are not transmitted from one to another person.

Is arthritis a non communicable disease?

The short answer is no—arthritis is not contagious. A contagious disease is defined as an infectious disease that is communicable by contact with a person who has it through a bodily discharge or with an object touched by the infected individual. Arthritis is not a contagious or communicable disease.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What are communicable diseases give examples?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What are communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host.

What are the 5 non communicable diseases?

Examples of NCDs include:Alzheimer’s.Asthma.Cataracts.Chronic Kidney Disease.Chronic Lung Disease.Diabetes.Fibromyalgia.Heart Disease.More items…•

What is the most common communicable disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are the communicable diseases and their causes?

Communicable, or infectious diseases, are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Some are transmitted through bites from insects while others are caused by ingesting contaminated food or water.

What are the risk factors of non communicable diseases?

Most noncommunicable diseases are the result of four particular behaviours (tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and the harmful use of alcohol) that lead to four key metabolic/physiological changes (raised blood pressure, overweight/obesity, raised blood glucose and raised cholesterol).

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.

How do you prevent NCDs?

Preventing and controlling noncommunicable diseasesRaise priority accorded to NCDs through international cooperation and advocacy.Strengthen national capacity, governance, multisectoral action, and partnerships.Reduce the major modifiable risk factors, such as tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity.More items…

What is the most non contagious disease in the world?

Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million). These 4 groups of diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD deaths.