Question: Can We Issue Unsecured Debentures?

What is Debenture example?

The definition of a debenture is a long-term bond issued by a company, or an unsecured loan that a company issues without a pledge of assets.

An interest-bearing bond issued by a power company is an example of a debenture..

What are the types of debenture?

Types of DebenturesRedeemable and Irredeemable (Perpetual) Debentures.Convertible and Non-Convertible Debentures.Fully and Partly Convertible Debentures.Secured (Mortgage) and Unsecured (Naked) Debentures.First Mortgaged and Second Mortgaged Debentures.Registered Unregistered Debentures (Bearer) Debenture.More items…•

Can I buy debentures?

Issue: Non-convertible debentures are offered by companies through an open issue. Investors can buy the same in the primary market when the issue is open. They can also choose to purchase NCDs being traded on the stock market at a later point in time.

Can a company issue unsecured debentures?

Yes, private companies can issue NCD of both types (secured and unsecured), however, they cannot issue debentures carrying voting rights. If the private company is issuing secured NCDs, it must fulfill the criteria prescribed by SEBI for issuing such an instrument.

Are unsecured debentures treated as deposits?

However, an unsecured debenture shall only be exempt from the purview of deposits as long as it is compulsorily convertible within 10 (ten) years. This would mean that non-convertible unsecured debentures would be considered as deposits.

How do I apply for a debenture?

You need to have the usual trading and a demat account to buy a non convertible debenture (NCD). The process to buy a NCD is the same as that for a share. You log into your trading account or ask your broker to buy you an NCD on your behalf. The manner in which you buy and the brokerage is the same as that for shares.

Can NBFC issue shares?

A Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) is a company registered under the Companies Act, 1956 engaged in the business of loans and advances, acquisition of shares/stocks/bonds/debentures/securities issued by Government or local authority or other marketable securities of a like nature, leasing, hire-purchase, insurance …

Can a company issue unsecured non convertible debentures?

An NCD can either be secured or unsecured. A secured NCD is backed by the issuing company’s assets. This means that the company has to fulfil its debt obligation whatsoever. However, that’s not the case for unsecured NCDs.

What are the risks of debentures?

The risks associated with investing in debentures and unsecured notes include the following:Interest rate risk. The majority of debentures and unsecured notes have a fixed rate of interest and a fixed repayment of capital amount. … Credit/default risk. … Liquidity risk.

Who can issue a debenture?

Corporations and governments can issue debentures. Governments typically issue long-term bonds—those with maturities of longer than 10 years. Considered low-risk investments, these government bonds have the backing of the government issuer. Corporations also use debentures as long-term loans.

What is the difference between share and debenture?

One difference between share and debentures is that debentures become borrowed capital for the company. It is like a loan that a company has taken from the debenture holders which is supposed to pay back with interest in due time. … However, unlike shareholders, debenture holders do not get voting rights.

Is a debenture a loan?

A debenture is a loan agreement in writing between a borrower and a lender that is registered at Companies House. It gives the lender security over the borrower’s assets. Typically, a debenture is used by a bank, factoring company or invoice discounter to take security for their loans.

Can CCD be converted into NCD?

As per Section 45 of IT Act, the conversion of debentures into shares is not a transfer. Hence no capital gain arises on the conversion. However, the conversion of CCD into share capital is a transaction.

Why do companies issue debentures?

Why do company issue debentures, when they can borrow money from Bank. Debentures are loan which company borrow’s from general public . … ex- borrowed fund can be used only for capital expenditure or they limit companies ability to raise additional funds till this loan is repaid.

Are debentures current liabilities?

Noncurrent liabilities include debentures, long-term loans, bonds payable, deferred tax liabilities, long-term lease obligations, and pension benefit obligations. The portion of a bond liability that will not be paid within the upcoming year is classified as a noncurrent liability.

What are the advantages of issuing debentures?

The following are the advantages of debentures:Secured investments. Debentures provide greatest security to the investors. … Fixed return. Debentures guarantee a fixed rate of interest.Stable prices. … Non-interference in management. … Economical. … Availability of funds. … Regular source of income.

Can NBFC issue unsecured debentures?

Under the existing regime, unsecured bonds are treated as public deposits and hence, debentures issued by NBFCs had to necessarily be secured and issued as per section 71 of the Companies Act, 2013 and rules made thereunder. … The revised guidelines are not applicable to tax exempt bonds offered by NBFCs.

Why do banks issue debentures?

Put simply, a debenture is the document that grants lenders a charge over a borrower’s assets, giving them a means of collecting debt if the borrower defaults. Debentures are commonly used by traditional lenders, such as banks, when providing high-value funding to larger companies.